In July 1608, Samuel de Champlain sailed the St. Lawrence River in search of a suitable trading post for the fur trade. He originally planned on settling in Stadacona where Jacques Cartier had advised him to but when he arrived there, it was baron. The Native American Tribe that lived there, Iroquois, had gone and still to this day, the reason is a mystery!
Champlain settled on the safe harbour along the coastline, which he called Quebec. He stepped off his boat, unfurled the fleur-de-lys and claimed the land that was the beginning of Canada but most importantly, a new colony for France. Quebec turned out to be an even more suitable replacement with Cape Diamond offering uninterrupted views of the comings and goings on the St. Lawrence River.
Champlain ran into many troubles in the first year of Quebec. He had to put down a mutiny that had formed against him, which resulted in four people being sent back to France in chains and the leader being hung, then his head put on a spike. Quebec then experienced a harsh winter that took the lives of 10 men. When spring finally came around the following year, there were only 8 men left of the original 24 that came to Quebec! Maybe if they took better care of themselves they would of lasted longer! Diet and health supplements would of been useful way back then for sure.
The British continuously attacked Quebec. First in 1629 but then was given back to the French 3 years later in a treaty agreement. Continuous attacks ensued until 1759 when General Wolfe led a final British victory over Montcalm in the Battle of Quebec. It was the battle to end the war between France and England.
The final claim came to Britain in 1763 in the Treaty of Paris and it stayed under British control until 1867 when it became what we know today as Canada.